Why We Need Botanic Conservation Gardens More Than Before
We are losing the world plant cover at an increasingly worrying rate which is reducing the ecosystem this is mainly as a result of devastating human activities putting some plant species at risk of extinction. Humans are the primary contributors to the destruction of the ecosystem because of engaging in vicious activities without being honest with their environmental concerns, some of these destructive activities include but not limited to include urbanization, poor forestry practices, over-harvesting, land-use changes, global environmental changes and use of exotic species. Plants play a vital role in our lives given that they are responsible for cleaning the air we breathe, source of food, medicine as well source of beauty and home to many animal species, therefore, we need to up our efforts to design integrative approaches that are focused on plant conservation particularly the rare species that are facing extinction. To ensure survival and protection of endangered plant species, universities, research institutions, and private entities have turned on botanic gardens which plays a central role in protection and conservation of these plant species both for human and research purpose. There are a variety of reasons why plant botanic gardens have become popular today to learn more continue reading the article.
The primary importance of plant botanical gardens is to protect, conserve and diversify plant species particularly the endangered plant species, today there are an estimated 2500 plant botanical gardens worldwide with over 6 million accessions of living plants, this is a significant number of species and it is said to represent about a quarter of the world vascular plant species, this is important because it helps in conserving the endangered plant species and diversification of global plant biodiversity which counters plant lose contributed by human activities and climate changes.
The other role of botanical gardens is in scientific research, botanical gardens serve as a taxonomic research center, researchers also find plant botanical gardens important in providing valuable plant ecology data such as a phenological indication of climate change, collection of data that can help them assess plant-animal interactions, data relating to plant physiology among other important data. Another benefit of plant botanic conservation is that it has a variety of plant species that allow scientists to compare a variety of plant functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.
The vital role of plant botanic conservation is in the understanding of the threatened plant species, this is made possible by the huge presence of plant species in the botanic garden, botanic garden conservation contribute to the protection, maintenance, and support of threatened plant species mainly through ex-situ conservation which is mainly conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat. Those are some main roles of botanic garden conservation but also important roles of these botanic gardens include spreading awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the need to protect the earth’s plant cover.